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加拿大约克York大学本科briefing paper怎么写?邦典论文给您范例为留学生论文保驾护航

 

1.Write a summary of the McLaughlin article as if you were reviewing it for American Scientist. Use Pat Shipman's article on tapeworms as a model. Explain the article for the general public. What health advice might people take from this research?


Introduction

Coronary heart disease(CHD) is a major killer in modern society. The incidence of a disease is different in different groups of people. In history , the aboriginal Alaska people have less tendency to suffer from the CHD, compared with the migration group. This article mainly deals with whether the disparity between the aboriginal and migration group in terms of risk elements that lead to CHD. The article will firstly illustrate the source of the data and the method used in the research .Then it will explain the results of the study. Finally it will draw some conclusion from the results, which can be viewed as suggestions ,

 

Body:

The data of the research come from two databases in USA, which is complimentary to each other. In the database, the basic information of the people died from CHD were recorded, including the factor result in people’s death. The research carefully screened in the database to guarantee the data needed in the research in complete. The author compared the risky elements that lead to patients’ death from CHD in the aboriginal and migration group in Alaska.

In the end of the study the author finds that the disparity of the tendency to suffer from CDH , which exists previously ,is vanished. There is no obvious in the risky factors in terms of the risky elements believed to cause CHD.

 

Conclusion:

 The advantage to have less possibility of suffering from CHD can be wiped if people pick up bad habit such as smoking a lot, reject to exercise regularly, ect. To have a healthy lifestyle is urgent for both the aboriginal ones and the migration group.

 

Reference:

Shipman P. A Worm’s View of Human Evolution. American Scientist. 2006;90:508-510

Laughlin M. Changing Patterns of Risk Factors and Mortality for Coronary Heart Disease Among Alaska Natives, 1979-2002..JAMA. 2004;291(21):2545-2546

 

 

 

2. Does the Bendyshe and Watson article convince you that the Thrifty Gene Hypothesis is faulty? Why or why not? Describe a further study that would evaluate the issues you raise.

 

Introduction

Thrifty Gene Hypothesis is one of the most crucial theories put forward by Neel. The thrifty gene is the kind of gene which restrain the metabolism of the body. It is the product of the long-time adaption to adverse circumstances by our ancestors. But in the modern world, it may pose a threat on the people’s health. The article will firstly answer if the research conducted by Bendyshe and Watson can convince others the false of the theory. Then it will explain the reason. At last it will propose a supplement study.

 

Body

   I think the article can’t convince me the hypothesis is faulty.

This article is an empirical research. The data of the research is selected from a previous paper wrote by Whiting , but the aim of whiting’s paper is different from that of the Bendyshe and Watson.  Whiting classified the food economy as one of  her major category, but the author ,whose research aim is not the same as Whiting, choose food economy as the only concept on which his article is based. Obviously, this is inapposite.

So, a study including concepts from zooarchaeology should be considered, which will make the study more comprehensive. In this way, the real food condition of the ancient people can be reflected.

 

Conclusion:

    I think the article can’t convince me the hypothesis is faulty. A study including concepts from zooarchaeology should be conducted.

Reference

Benyshek, D.F., & Watson, J.T. Exploring the Thrifty Genotype's Food-Shortage Assumptions: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Ethnographic Accounts of Food Security Among Foraging and Agricultural Societies. Wiley InterScience, 2006; 18:182-189.                                             

Marlow FW. 2005. Hunter-gatherers and human evolution. Evol Anthropol 14:54-67.

 

 

 

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