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英国代写-英国assignment代写华威大学本科:To what extent has globalisation impacted upon local identities? Illustrate your argument with an original example.

英国代写-英国assignment代写华威大学本科:To what extent has globalisation impacted upon local identities? Illustrate  your argument with an original example.
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To what extent has globalisation impacted upon local identities? Illustrate

your argument with an original example.

 

Introduction

  Identity, as opinions that some studies held, is the feeling of continuity, identification and acceptance that individuals lived within a group (Erikson,1959). Thus, local identity can be defined as an anthropology term which refers to the common ethics, world view and values as well as buildings and landscape features within a certain geographical region that formed with historical and social construction (Vesajoki, 2002). Globalization which accelerates the cross-broader interaction of cultural, people and economic activities has profoundly influenced local identities. With this external impact, local identity is changing constantly to adapt this global trend that adds more identities for individuals and places, while it is still tryingto maintain its coherence to its past. In this essay, the impacts of globalization on local identities will be discussed with a controversial example of the dispute on the ownership of a traditional Festival between China and South Korea. By going through this issue, attention will be focused on the both positive and negative impacts of globalization on local culture which is a vital component of local identities.

 

 

 

 

Case Description: Dispute on the Dragon Boat Festival between China and South Korea

  In 2005, a dispute between China and Korea broke out in terms of their priority on a traditional festival. This traditional festival is called Dragon Boat Festival and Gangneung Danoje representatively by China and Korea which is jointly fall on every 5th of the May in lunar calendar. In China, this festival is to memorize Qu Yuan, a famous poet who served as a minister to the Zhou Dynasty. The patriotic death of this great poet deeply touched and was highly honoured by the ancestors of Chinese people and this tale passed from people to their ascendants. It gradually formed a custom that people ate Zongzi, a Chinese rice dumplings, and held Dragon boat race on that day annually to show their miss and honour to Qu Yuan. In Korea, this festival is developed and incorporated into the special festival after it is introduced from China about 2,500 years ago. Koreans prayed for good weather and fruitful harvest on those days. However, On November the 24th, 2005, this festival which was well prepared for application in Korea was finally listed as part of South Korea’s Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). This led to the reaction of ‘Defence of Dragon Boat Festival’ in China and the topic of China’s traditional national culture has once again aroused within Chinese citizens.    

 

 

 

Globalization has diminished the boarders of places and threatened the existenceof local identity

  The boundaries of nation that defined one from the other became no clearer than the equator because of business goal (David & Kevin, 1995). Borders are shrinking and the pace of life is accelerated (Luka, 2009). This is the outcome of globalization. For the challenges of modernization and globalization that traditional Asia culture is coming up to, this festival or culture identity will inevitably be regarded as a mutually shared cultural heritage in East Asian cultural circle. The emerging of new media and the expansion of multinational corporations contribute to the fall of costs and pull individuals and societies to prefer a greater integration (Luka, 2009). Though globalization and modernization are phenomena that mutually effect with the development of economy, politic, society and culture, there is a perspective that the‘rewards of economic development’ exists as the ultimate aspiration for people who reflect to this challenge in totally different way (Keesing& Keesing, 1971). Back to the example of the dispute on the priority of traditional festival, China can be listed as a typical country that reacts ardently to the trend of globalization. With the largest number of population on earth China shares land borders with 12 other countries (Asia and Globalization Website.org, 2009). The ancient and long lasting Chineseculture originates from a small pot around the yellow river. At the end of nineteenthcenturies, China was forced to confront to the military technology and colonial ambitions from the west industrialized countries and launched its first step to globalization. With agriculture tradition, Chinese people behaved according to this deeply rooted local identity. However, the fact is that the traditional lifestyle iswesternized and local identities of individuals are reshaped. Take Chinese Festival as an example, with the end of feudalism realm the way people celebrate big days changed. For the first stage, the pass of tradition was broken up by the process ofglobalization itself which in China was partly shown as war. China spent most of the first half of the 20th century in warfare against feudalism power and national invasion which led to national starvation. The requirement of life was reduced and there this no ideal external environment for people to celebrate festival. But this is not the end but the beginning. What profoundly influenced Chinese attitudes towards festival are the participation into world market and the emerging of new media. The businessenvironment which is promoted by Chinese government attracted considerable amounts of labour sources off their hometown to economic advanced region. Thisimmigration trend diminished local identities and local custom reforming regional structure. The booming of new media can be regarded as a vital component of globalization which changed the way people thought. A phrase ‘New media order’was introduced that referred the pursuit of private giant economic enterprises aiming at profit making and capital accumulation in media industry.  ‘Worldview’ which was promoted by the media that expanded to global scale led to interconnection of cultures and free circulation of media products (David & Kevin, 1995). Hollywood production, for example, was introduced into mainland China challenging the old value of living and consuming. In western movies and TV programme, Christmas day was depicted so beautiful and joyful that under this influence many young Chineseeven expected Christmas day for song long rather than the Dragon Boat Festival. Before the dispute on the Dragon Boat Festival with Korea, there is no national holiday for this traditional event that designated by government. Chinese citizens, especially the younger generations, failed to develop a sense of continuity and coherence in this festival but simply defined the Dragon Boat Festival as to eat Zongzi. This partly results from the extensive change of society in the trend of globalization and its magnificent impulse on traditional culture which transformed local identity and led to the neglecting of history.  

 

Globalization has promoted local identity

Since local identity provide people a sense of continuity and security, individuals so as to groups and places struggle to maintain their inner essence during globalization. Under the modernization process and the influence of new media, places felt an urge to distinguish themselves from the others by tracing back to their ancestor. Localidentities, therefore, are characterised by special regional culture and custom to labelthemselves with differentiation (Habermas , 1991) . In the case of the Dragon Boat Festival, the reaction of China was a typical example. With the priority on this traditional festival assigned to Korea by UNESCO, Chinese citizens as well as government react actively to this so called ‘shame’ of Chinese nationality. A trend of Chinese traditional culture protection was prevalent the internet in response to the‘lost’ of Dragon Boat Festival (Xinhua News Agency). A Chinese domain investorredeemed the domain name of ‘Duanwu.cn’ back from a company of the Republic of Korea at the expense of 30,000 dollars and donated it to China with no rewarding.The Chinese government, to face up with the fading traditional culture of China, adjusted the distribution of holiday which added a one-day holiday representatively to traditional festivals to effectively remind citizens of custom. This holiday policy was launched at the end of 2007 and had been put into practice in 2008 which was just 2 years later after the dispute with Korea on the issue of the Dragon Boat Festival. Relying on this holiday policy, traditional custom was again brought into the consideration of citizens that they may retreat this national heritage as a local identities that would pass through generations. Given to this case, it can be concluded that globalization introduced new elements of life to the places that once been relatively isolated and destroyed its fence to the outside world. During the process of globalization which to certain extent can be regarded as culture assimilation, problem arose with the lost of local culture which acts as an alarm to individuals and groups. Therefore, while globalization is diminishing the borders of information and culturethat are defined as the problematic aspect, it made people reflect to what they have lost in this modernized trend.

 

Conclusion

In conclusion, the impacts of globalization on local identities are profound. Globalization at one side processes as a worldwide trend to include every corner of the earth to modern life and destroy their traditional culture when it also raises the awareness of local identities. The case of the Dragon Boat Festival is a consequence of globalization and the reaction of China indicates the fact that the confusion of local identity during the process of globalization can probably lead to the reconsideration of local identity. Through this progress, local identities emerged as a more significant mark of diversity and differentiation to distinguish its achievement and advance in the world.

 

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Reference

China and Globalization Website. China and Globalization. , ,. Retrieved from http://asiasociety.org/education/chinese-language-initiatives/china-and-globalization

 

D Morely, K Robins (1995) Spaces of Identity: Global Media, Electronic Landscapes and Cultural Boundaries. Routledge, London. Chapter 1. Retrieved from

http://books.google.com.hk/books?id=cYkE9wuSicMC&pg=PA26&hl=zh-TW&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=4#v=onepage&q&f=true

 

Erik Erikson (1956). Identity and the Life Cycle (PsychologicalIssues vol 1, #1)  . Norton:1980.

 

J Habermas, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere. (1991) MIT Press. Part 1.

 

Keesing, R.M., Keesing, F.M 1971. New Perspectives in Cultural Anthropology. New York: Holt, Rineheart and Winston, Inc.

 

Luka Malgaj (2009).  The Impact of Globalization on Cultural Identity., , . Retrieved from http://searchwarp.com/swa538549-The-Impact-Of-Globalization-On-Cultural-Identity.htm

 

Olufunlayo Vesajoki (2002). The Effects of Globalization on Culture. Globaliation, ,5-9.
  
Xinhua News Agency (2005,12). Most Chinese festival domain names registered. , . Retrieved from http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2005-12/12/content_502724.htm

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在何种程度上的全球化影响到当地的身份?说明
你的论点与原始的例子。
景区简介
身份,作为一些研究认为,是感觉的连续性,识别和接受,个人生活在一组(埃里克森,1959)。因此,当地的身份可以被定义为一种人类学术语,指的是共同的道德,世界观和价值观以及建筑和景观特征的一个特定的地理区域内形成的历史和社会建设(vesajoki,2002)。全球化加速了文化、人与经济活动的跨领域互动,深刻影响了地方认同。有了这个外部的影响,当地的身份不断变化,以适应这一全球性的趋势,增加了更多的个人和地方的身份,而它仍然试图保持其连贯性,其过去。在这篇文章中,全球化对地方认同的影响将讨论与争议的一个有争议的例子,在中国和韩国之间的传统节日的所有权。通过这个问题,注意力都集中在全球化对地方文化的积极和消极的影响,这是一个重要的组成部分,当地的身份。
中国与韩国端午节之争
在2005,中国和韩国之间的争端,打破了他们的优先传统节日。这个传统的节日被称为端午节和江陵端午代表性的中国和韩国,这是共同落在每第五的农历五月。在中国,这个节日是为了纪念一位诗人,一位著名的诗人,他曾担任周王朝的部长。爱国的死亡这杰出的诗人深受感动,很受中国人的祖先,这故事从他们的祖先的人。它逐渐形成,人们吃粽子,中国的粽子,并举行龙舟比赛那一天,每年展示自己的想念和纪念屈原。在韩国,这个节日是在2500年前从中国传入中国后,发展并融入了特殊节日的。韩国人祈祷在那些日子里有好的天气和收获。然而,在十一月二十四日,2005,这个节日,这是在韩国的应用程序,最后被列为韩国的口头和非物质文化遗产,由联合国教育,科学和文化组织(联合国教科文组织)。这就导致了中国的“端午节”的反应和中国传统民族文化的话题再次引起了中国公民的关注。
全球化已经削弱了地方的住宿和威胁当地身份的存在
国家的界限,从另一个定义,因为业务目标(戴维和凯文,1995)没有明确的赤道。边界收缩和生活节奏的加快(Luka,2009)。这是全球化的结果。在传统的亚洲文化即将到来的现代化和全球化的挑战中,这个节日或文化身份将不可避免地被视为东亚文化圈中的一个共同文化遗产。新媒体的出现,跨国企业的扩张导致成本下降,把个人和社会更喜欢更大的整合(Luka,2009)。虽然全球化和现代化的相互作用现象,随着经济的发展,政治,社会和文化,有一个观点,经济发展的奖励存在的人反映这一挑战在完全不同的方式最终的愿望(基辛和基辛,1971)。回到对传统节日的优先权纠纷为例,中国可以列为典型的国家对全球化趋势的反应热烈。地球上的陆地接壤的中国拥有最多的人口和其他12个国家(亚洲和全球化website.org,2009)。古老而持久的中国文化源于黄河周围的一个小壶。第十九个世纪末,中国被迫与西方工业化国家的军事技术和殖民主义的野心,并推出了第一步,全球化。有了农业的传统,中国人的行为是根据这个根深蒂固的地方认同的。然而,事实是,传统的生活方式是西化的、个人的身份重塑地方。以中国节日为例,随着封建社会的终结,人们的庆祝方式发生了很大变化。在第一阶段,传统的传承被打破了,在中国,在全球化的过程中,在一定程度上表现为战争。中国的
 
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