英国论文代写网

当前位置: 首页 > 精品范例 > 加拿大论文代写essayassignment
加拿大论文代写essayassignment

加拿大滑铁卢大学 University of Waterloo英语语言学硕士95分高分代写assignment范例

加拿大滑铁卢大学 University of Waterloo英语语言学硕士95分高分代写assignment范例
  • 国家 : 加拿大
  • 级别 : 硕士
  • 专业 :
英国邦典论文网长期专业致力留学生英语论文作业的代写服务,无论英国论文代写还是澳洲美国等国家论文都可以快速保质完成。专业留学英语论文代写.通过率100%,好评率100%!因为专攻,所以精通!是您值得信赖的品牌! 咨询QQ:768093293http://essaylunwen.com

详细描述

 

 

分析《荆棘鸟》中的女性形象及其在中文译本中的刻画

 

 

摘  要:科林·麦卡洛的小说《荆棘鸟》,以其优雅流畅的文笔,曲折生动的情节,深刻永恒的主题,被誉为澳大利亚的《飘》,享誉全球。本文不落俗套地从女性主义的角度解读《荆棘鸟》,重点分析了四个敢于和父权社会抗争的女性形象:玛丽虽跳出了性别角色的桎梏,却未完全实现自我价值;菲追求真爱失败,但在精神上冲破了世俗观念;麦琪大胆地反抗上帝,最终在精神上战胜了以上帝为极权代表的父权社会;朱丝婷勇敢遵循自我,在父权社会中游刃有余,以别样的方式实现了自身价值。在此基础之上,本论文从词汇和句法层面鉴赏其中文译本在刻画这四位女性的表现力,得出结论曾胡译本在内容和风格上非常忠实原著和他的语言是更加明确,清晰,流畅和易于阅读。

 

An Analysis of the Female in The Thorn Birds and a Review of its Chinese Versions on portraying them

 

 

Abstract: The Thorn Birdswritten by Australian woman writer Colleen McCullough in 1977 is called Australian Gone with the Wind and makes a sensation throughout the world. This paper describes objectively and comprehensively different women's fate at the different stages of Women's Liberation Movement from a feminist perspective. It focuses on the analysis of four female characters that are brave enough to challenge the patriarchy. Jumped out of the pitches of conversion on female, Mary falls into the bitter sea of losing her own conscience and does not add any significant meaning to her life. Fee breaks through the bondage of the conversion toil although she fails to have a marriage built on true love, and the heroine Meggie is brave enough to challenge God, the ultimate representative of patriarchy and wins the battle with God in the spirit. The most outstanding figure is Justine who does not stick to old ways of life and makes great progress in self-actualization in this man-ruled society. Based on the previous analysis, this paper reviews how the two Chinese versions, respectively translated by Xiao Ming and Chen Mingjin and by Zeng Hu, portray the four female from the lexical and syntactical levels, and finally comes to the conclusion thatthe content and style of Zeng’ language is much faithful to the source language and his version is more clear and distinct, flowing and easy to read.

 

 

 

An Analysis of the Female in The Thorn Birds and a Review of its Chinese Versions on portraying them

1.       Introduction

Colleen McCulloughis an internationally acclaimed Australian author. She was born in Wellington in central west New South Wales. A neuroscientist by training, she worked in various Sydney and United Kingdom hospitals before settling to ten years of research and teaching in the Department of Neurology at the Yale Medical School in New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Her novels includeTim, The Thorn Birds, Indecent Obsession and Morgan’s Run and theMasters of Rome series. The depth of historical research in the Roman novels led to her being created a Doctor of Letters by Macquarie University in 1993. She is a member of the New York Academy of Sciences and is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

1.1 Outline of the Story

The story starts with the Cleary family moving to Drogheda, where Paddy’s sister Mary lives. She hires them to take care of her estate. Ralph, a handsome, ambitious priest stuck in the outback tries to befriend her, to gain her money and to help him rise to the top of the religious hierarchy. Ralph takes care of Mary’s relatives, and takes a liking to Meggie. The eleven-year-old is neglected by her mother, but adored by her eldest brother Frank. Father Ralph takes Meggie underneath his wing, offering her the love and reassurance she so desperately needs.

Meggie is happy with Ralph and her dear brother Frank. However, Frank’s relationship with his father Paddy has never been well. In an argument, Paddy blurts out the truth that Frank is not Paddy’s son. Frank was already conceived when Paddy married her, and Fee had always taken more care and given more attention to Frank than any of her other children. Frank runs away and goes boxing.

With Frank gone, Meggie clings into Ralph. As a child she is like a daughter to him but as the years pass Meggie grows into a beautiful woman. Meggie is passionately in love with him by the age of seventeen, and his emotions toward her are not entirely priestly. Mary Carson is old, eccentric, and more than a little lustful of the handsome priest. A widow without children, there are only two options for her estate. To leave it to her estranged brother Paddy and his family, who are impoverished, or to grant Ralph what he desires. Mary observes the entanglement between Meggie and Ralph and decides to make the best of it. She vows to steal the priest’s soul at the cost of her own, and leaves him to make a terrible choice between power and love, happiness and misery, chance and fate. From beyond the grave she continues to haunt him as he follows the workings of her will and inevitably faces devastation. Mary dies, and she leaves all the money in the control of Ralph due to a kind of love she had for him. Ralph gains the attention of the Church, and is sent away to Sydney.

Before he leaves, Meggie confesses of her love for him. Ralph refuses her because of his position as a priest and he entreats Meggie to marry someone and find a beau. Then he leaves her. Meggie also uses every opportunity to rail at the creator, blaming Him for “taking away everything she has ever loved.” 

Meggie then courts Luke who looks remarkably like Ralph, and takes a liking into him. He marries her, and takes her away. He works as a sugar cutter, and he leaves Meggie in a poor place to work as a maid. Meggie is lonely and distraught. After giving birth to a child, Justine, Meggie is getting weaker and weaker, and the family she is staying with pities her greatly. They send her to a quiet summer resort for rest. Ralph comes back on a holiday to find Meggie. He joins Meggie, and then a revelation comes over him. He loved Meggie more than God, and he was indeed only a Man, no matter how Godlike he had tried to become. They spend a few days together, and he was on his way again. Knowing being pregnant with Ralph’s baby, Meggie divorces Luke.

She names the child Dane. As Dane grows up he wants to be a priest, while Justine wants to be an actress and leaves Australia and seeks her dream. Dane goes to Ralph, but Ralph does not know that Dane is his own child. Because of their resemblance, people mistake them as uncle and nephew.

Dane drowns in Greece, whilst a civil war is going on. Before Meggie tells Ralph the truth, he refuses to help Meggie bring back Dane’s body. Soon after Dane’s death, Ralph passes away.

The book ends with her living happily with Rainer who loved her from the beginning and respects her remarkable character.

Thorn Bird refers to a kind of bird that searches for thorn trees from the day it is born. Until it finds one, it pierces it into its own heart, and sings the most beautiful song ever heard on earth. Pain is the price to pay for the very best.

2 The Background Conditions for Western Women’s Self-Awareness

The western women’s self-awareness is different from that of eastern women. There are several background conditions.

2.1 Western Cultured Background

The old Greece culture has nurtured open-minded, and free-expressing western spirit, forming self-centered ethics. In the west, it is affirmed to pursue unrestrained marriage and true love. “The fact that women can have a free social life made pursuing happiness and resisting social norm possible.”(Yu 2001)

2.2 The Right to Inherent Property

In the west, women not only could have a well education, but also have the right to inherent property. When the Cleary family is sorting out their property to go to Drogheda, Fee says “What was actually mine they couldn’t take from me when I married. The spinet, the Persian carpets, the Louis Quinze sofa and chairs, the Regency escritoire. Not much, but they were rightfully mine.”(McCullough 1992) Owning property makes economically and emotionally independent possible and lays the groundwork to maintain their personality independent in the marriage. Meggie never thought to retain her money and holds the idea that what is hers automatically became Luke’s when they married. But after reading books in the Mueller’s, Meggie expressed that “You can keep my twenty thousand pounds, Luke. But not another penny do you ever get from me,” (McCullough 1992) when she breaks up with Luke. This shows that by reading books Meggie learns that everyone includes women has the right to inherent and dispose his property.

2.3 Strong Resistance to Social Customs

To pursue happiness, they fight bravely to resist social customs and go after ardently the men they love. Although she knows clearly that priestess should not have their love and marriage with the laity, Meggie has never stopped loving Ralph and tries to challenges Ralph’s God. “While Justine at the beginning shows that she despises social customs and the virginity idea of women put by men.” (Yu 2001)

2.4 The Awareness to Pursue Equal in Personality

These four women have strong self-awareness and pay attention to their feelings. They pursue the marriage built upon love even if they would pay heavy cost on it. And they never reconcile to men. Moreover they attach great importance to the personality equal. On the issue of marriage, western women in some extent concern equal personality although they have not totally got rid of the bondage of family status.  Women’s equal with men should first come to the equal of personality. Fee marries Paddy for her family’s fame, but she is equal with Paddy in the spiritual state. She is a faithful wife, and never a servant. She is grateful to Paddy for he giving her a family, but she never yields to anyone. She has her own thoughts and judgments. Meggie and Justine have more obvious personality independence. They choose their husbands by themselves rather than listen to their parents’ opinions.

3. Self-Awareness under Respective Conditions

3.1 Resolute but Evil-Minded Mary

Mary, first leader of the Cleary family, is a master of her life but losses her conscience.

In the late 19th century Mary earns her money to Australia, successfully runs a 13 million business and uses her money to writhe Ralph for refusing her love. Mary is never swayed by another human being in all her life, priest or brother or husband even God.

She is not burn in a good family and knows well of that without worldly goods such as breeding and background a woman hardly can catch a rich husband. But she does not accept her fate and works out a way to catch a rich husband. As a young girl Mary has an unconventional thought that she wants to rewrite her fate by using her brain and she succeeds. But Mary’s life is far more comfortable. Her only son is dead in his infancy. While she is in the middle age her husband died too. This makes her thirty-three-year-old widowhood solitary and miserable. The reason why Mary has not remarried is not that she loves Michael very much but that “as Michael Carson’s widow she is indisputably a queen, but as someone’s wife she passed control of all she had to that someone. Not Mary Carson’s idea of living, to play second fiddle.”(McCullough 1992) Her idea of living is to fight against patriarchy and to control her life. Her independence, self-confidence and sensibility make her 13 million pounds industry possible in the male-ruled world. Far more than this, Mary also doubts the existence of God, the ultimate representative of the father right. Mary herself even decides when to die “…For over seventy years I’ve done precisely what I wanted to do when I wanted to do it, so if Death thinks he’s the one to choose the time of my going, he’s very much mistaken. I’ll die when I choose the time, and no suicide, either. It’s our will to live keep us kicking, Ralph; it isn’t hard to stop if we really want to. I’m tired, and I want to stop.” (McCullough 1992)

Although got the money as she liked, Mary losses her conscience. In order to get Ralph’s love, Mary would like to exchange her soul with Devil for thirty year younger “If the Devil had come to me and offered to buy my soul for the chance to be young again, I’d have sold it in a second, and not stupidly regretted the bargain like that old idiot Faust.” (McCullough 1992) Realizing that she can’t get Ralph, Mary decides to pin Ralph to the wall on his own weakness and to make Ralph sell himself for power. Mary uses her 13 million pounds to set Ralph in a dilemma between the Meggie and his rise in the church’s hierarchy.

Getting a rich husband as she wishes, Mary does not add any meaning to her life. Although she wants to get the equal social status, Mary insists that to prove herself human and weak is not a part of her obsession,and she becomes a woman like an old spider. Jumped out of the pitches of the conversion on female, Mary falls into the bitter sea of losing her own conscience. She does not actually obtain true love and actualizes the value of her life.

3.2 Indifferent but Respectable Fee

Fee, another leader of the Cleary family, fails in pursuing a marriage built on true love and she never losses self-esteem when facing her husband.

“Fiona Cleary … was a very handsome, very fair woman a little under medium height, but rather hard-faced and stern; she had an excellent figure with a tiny waist which had not thickened, in spite of the six babies she had carried beneath it. Her dress was grey calico, its skirts brushing the spotless floor, its front protected by an enormous starched white apron that looped around her neck and tied in the small of her spine with a crisp, perfect bow. From waking to sleeping she lived in the kitchen and back garden, her stout black boots beating a circular path from stove to laundry to vegetable patch to clotheslines and thence to the stove again.”(McCullough 1992) Such a fine woman had “descended from a landaulet drawn by matched white horses” (McCullough 1992), for she wants to get married with her lover in a conservative society.

Fee’s father has a big wheat-and-sheep property in the South Island. Fee is his only daughter. He has planned her life for her right husband. But Fee loves deeply is another person, an important married politician. Fee loves him to the point of madness and could never love anyone else. But divorce is out of the question for him. As one of the first people of his race to attain political greatness; he has to choose his people rather than Fee. Fee had disgraced the family, for she isn’t married and she has a child. Her family tries to get her away. But her grandmother makes such a fuss they have no choice but to keep her on the place, in spite of the awkwardness. When her grandmother is dying, there is nothing to stop them getting rid of Fee and her child. They find Paddy to marry her and let him guarantee to take her out of the South Island.

Paddy had never been the man of Fee’s choice although he is a shy, tender and considerate lover. Once married Paddy, she closes her heart from the rest of the world. Over the years, she ever complains, or laughs, or cries. Even if in the most private part of her life, she ever displays any feeling. Living in an agony of frustration and driving by the nature of life, she becomes a machine to bear babies and do endless housework.

 “In the early 20 century, not long after the beginning of feminist movement, Fee’s behavior is considered as betrayal though people pitied and were woeful about her fate. For that time women had little opportunity to actualize the value of their lives. It’s pathetic to know that she is just to go after beautiful things and got punished.”(Luo 2005)But in the spiritual world, Fee has broken through her own bondage. She marries Paddy for her family’s fame, but she is equal with Paddy in the spiritual state. She is a faithful wife, but never is a servant. She is grateful to Paddy for he gives her a family, but she never yields to anyone. She has her own thoughts and judgments. She never losses self-esteem when facing her husband and wins respect from her family and the others.

3.3 Ignorant but Brave Meggie

Meggie, second generation of the Cleary family, begins a struggle with God, the ultimate representative of the male-ruled society.

“As an ordinary woman, Meggie gets a progressive perception towards herself and others, that is an ignorant girl in the earlier stage grows a mature one having will of adamant and resistance of God.” (Liu 2004)

3.3.1Ignorant Meggie

When she is a teenager, Meggie has an ideal idea that when Ralph stops being a priest they will be together. Though Paddy tells Meggie that Ralph could never stop being a priest and the vows he took are sacred, too solemn to break, she never stops hoping that Ralph be her husband. Until Ralph states clearly that “I don’t want to leave the Church, because I don’t love you the way a husband will”, Meggie realizes Ralph would never come back to her and he has sold her for thirteen million pieces of silver.

Years later, Meggie marries Luke. When Meggie knows that she does not love Luke and Luke loves work and money only. Her thought about marriage is still traditional. Just for what the law said, she would live with him and accept that he is her husband and has his babies, even if she is not happy with Luke.

3.3.2Mature Meggie

When Meggie is in Anne’s home, she spends all her spare time reading. Meggie tries to position herself and has a sense of her marriage. “I’m just an ordinary sort of a woman; I’m not ambitious or intelligent or well educated… All I want is a husband, children, my own home. And a bit of love from someone!”(McCullough 1992) But the real life in her marriage with Luke makes Meggie realizes that Luke is a money-grabber, and she could not get a bit of love and a family of her own home from Luke. They have married for all the wrong reasons: he for her money, she as an escape from Ralph de Bricassart while trying to retain Ralph de Bricassart. Meggie does not love Luke and just wantes a baby alike Ralph. “After getting a baby of Ralph, Meggie’s no hesitation in leaving Luke pictures her obscure self-awareness.” (Liu 2004)

3.3.3Brave Meggie

Meggie faces the pain bravely on the way pursuing what she wanted and never had a moment’s regret. She once said, “I did it all to myself, I have no one else to blame. And I cannot regret one single moment of it… when we put the thorns in our breasts, we know. We understand. And still we do it. Still we do it.”(McCullough 1992) She means that, everyone, singing his own little song, convinced it’s the most wonderful song the world has ever heard. We create our own thorns, and never stop to count the cost. All we can do is suffer the pain, and tell ourselves it is well worth it.

In the beginning, Meggie boils her misfortune down to Ralph. With the maturity of her cognition, she realizes that it is God and the church that bans her love. And she has conquered the fear of God’s punishment. He can not frighten her the way He used to. All her life she has trodden the straight and narrow, from fear of Him. And she gets not one scrap more than if she had broken every rule in His book. She thinks that the utmost Enemy of women is God! Now, Meggie has thoroughly defeated the fear for religion and realizes that only had her herself defeated God, she might rule Ralph’s spirit world. “Meggie, who never surrender under fate, finally yelled out ‘I’ll beat God yet’, and this is the vivid display of her self-awareness.” (Liu 2004)But when God summons Dane to His presence. She thinks it is impossible to defeat God temporarily. There is never a woman born who could beat God, because He’s a Man.

Before Meggie is married, she couldn’t believe Fee has loved a man who can’t marry her, for in books only the lowest, cheapest girls has babies outside of marriage. If it happened to her, Meggie thinks, she would like to die. Now Meggie herself gets the part of Ralph the Church can never have. This is a far more serious sin than divorce and having baby outside marriage. She does not consider it as a sin; on the contrary, she thinks finally there’s a purpose to her life after all!

When Ralph dies in Meggie’s arm, he tried to say, forgive me, and saw she had forgiven him long ago. The fact that Ralph begs forgiveness of Meggie reveals that in Ralph’s innermost being, he loves Meggie more than he loves his God. In this aspect, Meggie finally defeats God and wins the battle in the spirit, though her lover and her son are both summoned by God. Meggie wins the battle against God in some extent mentioning she stolen Ralph’s son from God and Ralph begged her forgiveness before death.

Meggie gets what she wanted in the end at the cost of the death of her lover and her son and had singed her wonderful song. “Meggie’s love towards Ralph is not allowed by the society, thus her pursue represents women’s will to break away from kinds of imposed bondages towards women by men, to obtain freedom and to regain women’s identity.” (Xia 2003)In the late 1930s and early 1940s, with the development of feminism movement, female had more room to pursue their life purpose. In a religious nation, influenced by Darwinism, people changed the coat of the religion, and their faith in religion had weakened. But Meggie and Ralph’s love went against the cannon of the church, and they should be punished in the view of the society.

3.4 Self-Centered and Brilliant Justine

“While the third generation represented by Justine put the battle a step forward.” (Xia 2003)Justine despises male authority and confronts social customs. She actualizes her value through her career and has a marriage built on true love. “The period from 1880 to 1920…was also the heyday of the first wave of feminism, consolidated in the woman suffrage movement. The protagonist of this movement was known as the ‘New Woman’: Independent, educated, (relatively) sexually liberated, oriented more toward productive life in the public sphere than toward reproductive life in the home.”(Dekoven 2000) Justine is such a New Woman.

Since she was a baby, Justine has gained her independence and her remarkable strength of character. Once upon her feet and in command of a very articulate tongue, she proceeds to go her own way and does precisely whatever she wants. As stated in The Thorn Birds, “Astringent, forth- right and uncompromisingly intelligent, Justine at eight cared as little what anyone thought of her as she had when a baby.” (McCullough 1992)

While grown up, her attitude towards sex and marriage reveals the spirit she bravely resists common customs. Women have always been the passive receiver. The traditional moral concept oppresses women’s sexual desire. A woman who desires for sexual enjoyment is considered as a slut, thus sex has become an effective tool for men to master women’s life. Justine lived in a new time; the springing up of feminist movement made women realized it. “The immediate explosion of sexuality in the period largely hid the time bomb of gender which was to explode later.” (Bell 2000) Women’s desire for sexual enjoyment in some way embodies the awakened self-awareness. It became a part of the struggle for women to fight for the equal in gender, society, economy, and politic. Justine has gained certain initiative. She herself chooses the time when her virginity will be lost. For her, women’s self-awareness has awakened, and makes herself to be her life’s master. Even when Justine is in love, she feels her self-awareness being threatened. It didn’t occur to her that her lover would threaten her self-awareness. Justine’s view on marriage is that “Spend my life wiping snotty noses and cacky bums? Salaaming to some man not half my equal even though he thinks he’s better? Ho ho ho, not me!” (McCullough 1992) She despises marriage, which is another important means for men to oppress women. “In the traditional marriage, women’s personality is oppressed, and men control women’s lives. The consciousness to resist marriage embodies women’s self-awareness awakened and they wished to be master of their life not servants.” (Xia 2003)

Justine wants to be an actress, because “Up there I’m not myself, or perhaps more correctly I’m a succession of selves. We must all be a profound mixture of selves. Thinking myself into another self, someone I might have been, had the circumstances been there. That’s the secret. Not becoming someone else, but incorporating the role into me as if she was myself. And so she becomes me.” (McCullough 1992) She lays more attention on her self-actualization and tries to be herself. She leaves Australia to materialize her dream. Justine holds the view that “I don’t want to starve to death in a garret and be famous after I’m dead. I want to enjoy a bit of fame while I’m still alive, and be very comfortable financially.” (McCullough 1992) “She has her own pursuit in her life and had an independent character.” (Luo 2005)

Justine is brought up after the Second World War. After WWⅡ, the society cared more about women and their lives, and gave them more room to secure their ends. They could have their own undertaking and were not bound to housework only. They even could wear miniskirts in the public. Justine has no interest in religion even doubts its existence. Especially when she goes to visit Ralph, “never in all her life has Justine been so conscious of the redundancy of women in the lives of some men as at that moment, walking into a world where women simply had no place except as humble nun servants.” (McCullough 1992)

At the end of the novel, Justine settles down in Europe instead of on Drogheda. In Europe, the new land, she and her children will go on fight against sexist oppression. During the post-war period the boundaries of the female subculture, still strong for working-class women, were not terribly rigid for culture elite. Women allowed to express their own sexuality, although in very limited ways, were not so insistent on chastity for men.

4. Review of the Chinese versions on portraying the four female

In China the widely accepted Chinese versions of The Thorn Birds are respectively translated by Xiao Ming and Chen Mingjin, and Zeng Hu. By focusing on the sharp words of original work, this paper views how the two versions portray the four female in The Thorn Birds from the lexical and syntactical levels.

4.1 Analysis from the lexical level

E.g. 1 Her face was only mildly disfigured, but her head when uncovered was a horrible sight, oozing and angry.

Translated by Xiao and Chen: 她的面孔只是温和的伪装,一当掀开包头布就出现了一个可怕的脑袋。她生气地逃走了。

Translated by Zeng: 她的脸只是略微受了些影响,但她那去了遮盖的头却难看之极,发炎肿痛的伤口流着分泌物。

In order to hide lice in her hair, Meggie went off to school with her head done up in a brown bandanna. But the girls tore her scarf away. So appear the above words. The word “disfigured” means “破相”、“难看”and “oozing and angry” refers to that Meggie’s head was “发炎流浓”, while Xiao and Chen translate them into “伪装”and “她生气地逃走了”. Their translation is far away from the author’s intension. Compared with it, Zeng’s translation fully expresses what the author wants to say.

E.g. 2 Meggie knew nothing about genes, but if she had she might have pondered upon the result of an intermingling of Cleary, Armstrong and O'neill.

Translated by Xiao and Chen: ……她是克利阿里(母亲的家族) ,阿姆斯特朗(祖母的家族) ,和奥尼尔(父亲卢克的家族)的混合体。

Translated by Zeng:……这是克利里、阿姆斯特朗和奥尼尔血统混合的结果。

The text before this sentence was a description of Justine’s independence in her babyhood. The version translated by Xiao and Chen seems to express that 朱思婷是三个家族的混合体, while Zeng’s version accord to Chinese’s custom of expression that 朱思婷是三个家族的混血儿。The word “混合体” in China always refers to a matter real existed not a person.

E.g. 3 “She’s lucky to have anything to look at,” Fee said grimly.

Translated by Xiao and Chen: “她能看到每一样东西是幸运的, ”菲咧开嘴笑道。

Translated by Zeng:“她有东西好看可真算幸运了,”菲苦笑着说道。

This sentence appears after Fee brought Meggie a toy. The word “anything” does have the meaning of “每一样东西”, while here it refers to the present Fee brought for Meggie. So it’s more faithful to the original work to translate the word “anything” into a general word “东西”. The word “grimly” here means “板着脸”, while Xiao and Chen translated it into“咧开嘴笑道”which is the opposite of the author’s meaning.

E. g. 4 “All I had when I got here were a face and a figure and a better brain than women are supposed to have...”

Translated by Xiao and Chen:“一张脸,一个人体和一个比其他女人高明的脑袋……”

Translated by Zeng: “一张脸、一个身子和一个比人们认为女人应该有的更聪明的头脑……”

The word “figure” here is used in a informal case—Mary’s dialog with Ralph, so it is proper to be translate into “身子” rather than “人体”. The phrase “人体” is a formal word usually used in written form. Besides, Xiao and Chen leave out a part of the sentence—are supposed to have. The omitting part has rather than a simple comparative degree but a rich connotation: at that time in that society women are supposed not to have a better brain by people. It suggests that women at that time in that society are seen to have no intelligence and be shallow-headed, like a Chinese proverb says “女子无才便是德”. Zeng Hu expresses the author’s meaning fully, and the translation conveys the author’s connotative meaning. Except their mistake on the lexical level, translators Xiao and Chen also make a mistake on the syntactical level.

 

 

 

预读全文请与本站联系 QQ768093293 http://essaylunwen.com

 
 
点击次数:  更新时间:2014-08-31  【打印此页】  【关闭