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美国东北大学物流管理学硕士英语论文代写展示Report on Planning and Building Control

美国东北大学物流管理学硕士英语论文代写展示Report on Planning and Building Control
  • 国家 : 美国
  • 级别 : 本科
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详细描述

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION.. 3

PLANNING CONTROL.. 3

The purpose of Planning Control in the Context of Mr Petrov’s Proposals. 3

Permission Application Process. 4

Assessment of Proposals against Policy. 6

Likelihood of Obtaining a Permit7

BUILDING CONTROL.. 7

Purpose of Building Control7

Comparisons between Local Authority and an Approved Inspector8

Recommendation on the Services to Seek. 9

SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATION.. 10

Bibliography. 11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION

The overall aim of this report is to provide Mr Petrov with details of the statutory controls that apply to his proposals. The report achieves this objective through a critical analysis of the statutory and policy guidelines on planning control and statutory guidelines on building control. From the scenario, Mr Petrov proposals seeks to not only change the use of 14-16 Titchfield Street and 16 Riding House Street, but to also conduct development and building operation related activities on the two sites. An analysis of the applicable planning legislations demonstrates that Mr Petrov will have to seek approval of the proposed development and building operations. However, Mr Petrov need not fear about the approval prospects because the proposals are consistent with government policies on planning.

PLANNING CONTROL

The purpose of Planning Control in the Context of Mr Petrov’s Proposals

Section 55(1) of the Town and Country Planning Act defines development as the carrying out of mining, engineering, and building on, in, under, and/or over land. It also states that development can also imply the execution of material changes to the way in which a building is used[1]. The section goes ahead to define building operations as structural alterations, demolitions, and rebuilding[2]. The works that Mr Petrov proposed falls within the meaning of development and building operations under section 55. From the analysis of the case study, it is clear that Mr Petrov’s proposals seeks to, among other things, demolish the existing building and construct a new building that will comprise a two-storey basement and a five storey building. Such proposals are within the meaning development and building operations under sections 55(1) and 55(1) (A) of the Town and Country Planning Act of 1990 because they not only seek to carryout building activities, but they also seek to make demolitions on an existing building.

As such, there is need for Mr Petrov to seek permission for the proposed developments and the proposed building operations. The need for this permission is clearly spelt out under section 57 (1) of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990. The section makes it mandatory for all individuals seeking to engage in development-related activities on any land to seek planning permission. Under section 58(2) (b)[3], the relevant local authority is one of the bodies tasked with the responsibility of providing approvals for planning permission applicants. In the present case, the relevant local authority will be the City of Westminster.

Permission Application Process

The process for applying for permission is spelt out in the Westminster City Council Website. This process can either be in the form of a pre-site approval for which the relevant local authority is the forum or an onsite approval for which the Building Control Service will be the appropriate forum[4]. The present report recommends the use of the pre-site approval through the City of Westminster. The documents that are crucial when applying for the permit include: the Demolition Notice, the Full plans Application form, and the Building Notice Application Form[5](City of Westminster, 2013). The Building Notice Application Form will serve as a notice for your intended building work. Under Regulation 12(2) of the 2010 Building Regulations, a building notice is required whenever any individual or company intends to make material changes to a building’s use or engage in building work. The form is sent to the City of Westminster District Surveyor and it outlines important features of the building like number of storeys, the building’s address, the intended use of the building, the height of the building, the date when you expect works on the site to commence, and a description of the nature of construction and/or the extent to which its use will change. There is also need for a plan on the proposed construction to be sent along with the Building Notice Application Form so as to make it easier for the District Surveyor to appraise the nature of the proposed works.

The Full Plans Application Form is important because it is the form that accompanies the building plans. Regulation 12(2) of the Building Regulations 2010 makes it mandatory for individuals or organizations wishing to make significant changes to their buildings’ use or carry out major building works to send the full plans for the proposed works. However, sending these plans will not relieve you of your duty to update the City of Westminster on the progress of the construction. Under regulation 16 of the 2010 Building Regulations, all applicants must send Commencement Notice 48 hours prior to the start of the construction work. This notice is normally applicable in settings where the applicant has not furnished the proposed commencement date when sending the Full Plans form. Given that the works will also necessitate demolition of the buildings, it would be pertinent for Mr Petrov to send a Demolition Notice. Section 80 of the Building Act 1990 mandates all individuals with the intention of demolishing sections of an existing building to furnish a notice of the intended demolition. The notice outlines several things, including: the purpose of the building, the address of the building, date of the commencement of the demolition, the scope and method of the proposed demolition, the independent contractor tasked with the responsibility of carrying out the demolition exercise and the expected duration of the demolition. Section 80 of the Building Act 1990 goes on to state that the notice is a precondition for all demolition processes and, as such, the applicant should only commence the demolition works after receiving a Section 81 notice from the Survey Directorate or after 6 weeks expire without a response from the City of Westminster.

Assessment of Proposals against Policy

Mr Petrov’s proposal for the development of new building that will house a café bar and high end residential apartments is consistent with the government’s policy on the development of towns that are vital. This policy underscores the need for planning policies that are geared towards the promotion town centre environments that are competitive. The policy states that it is crucial for planning authorities to recognize that two centres are the heart of the inhabitants that live in and around them and, as such, it highlights the need for the development of town centres that provide customers with wide range of choices on different products and services. This policy is clearly consistent with Mr Petrov’s vision of developing a five storey building that will house a café and high end apartments. Development of the café and high end apartments will make the Westminster town centre competitive by providing the local community with additional options in their accommodation needs.

 Mr Petrov’s proposals are also consistent with the policy on the development of a strong, sustainable, and competitive economy. This policy underscores the need for planning authorities to ensure that their planning processes are not an impediment to economic development and employment creation. According to the policy, all planning policies must be geared towards providing support for economic development. The policy states that this can be achieved through the alignment of the available policies with the needs of businessmen[6](Department for Communities and Local Government, 2012). An analysis of Mr Petrov’s proposals demonstrates that they are geared towards the development of a sustainable economy. Mr Petrov proposes to demolish a building that has not been of significant economic value to the local community and replacing it with a building that will create employment and act as an anchor for other businesses. As such, the proposals are consistent with the policy on the development of a sustainable and competitive economy.

Likelihood of Obtaining a Permit

On the basis of the consistency between Mr Petrov’s proposals and the government policies on planning, it is clear that Mr Petrov’s proposals will be approved by planning authorities at the City of Westminster. As noted in the policies, planning rules must not be designed in a manner that stifles development.

BUILDING CONTROL

Purpose of Building Control

Building control are guide lines that ensure the construction site is safe and the built building is secure and safe for living or conducting any other kind of business. The Building Regulations work under the Building Act of 1984, and they apply in England and Wales. This is to make sure those standards such as health, welfare of the people working in it and there safeties are well taken care of.

Building Control differs to Planning Control since building control regulation come after planning control has been taken care of. The Building control regulations are aimed at making the on-going and aftermath of the construction feel safe and abide to the environmental rules by not polluting it. Another aim of the regulations is to make sure that built structures try to adhere to the power conservation concepts. From the legislation  on the Environment; Chapter 9 under Policy Application 9.5[7] the control measures disallow construction and development using natural materials that are rare such as peat, scarce tropical hardwood and many other natural habitats.

The council will hold responsible any person who will break this law accountable to his or her deeds[8]. Usage of certified wood that is from Forest Stewardship Council[9] or any other standards is encouraged. In the case at hand I would advise that an authorised inspector is hired so as to advise on the building regulations. Every building construction in Westminster is always subjected to the building controls so as to make it safe during construction and after. To be specific; the 16-14 Little Titchfield Building would be subjected to the building control regulations as your proposals indicated of it going deeper in excavations hence being a threat to other buildings by weakening their foundations.

Comparisons between Local Authority and an Approved Inspector

According to building construction explanatory booklet, approved inspector will be advising you on Building Regulations and environmental safety. Checking building plans, issuing plan certificate if requested. The inspector is also responsible of inspecting work as it commences and lastly issue a final certificate on the whole project. This will enable the building to be built with the required standards from the start since the inspector would be on site conducting the supervision upon the whole procedure.

Under the same the city council will set the standards of the building to be built, approve building plans and sending a council engineer to approve what you’ve already constructed. This means you risk getting the constructed area brought down where the error seemed to have occurred. With that happening, it would have affected the budget that was intended for the whole project as well as the time estimated.

The council could offer cheaper fees for the services since they are a public office but they lack flexibility since they are too busy to do day to day follow ups of each structure around Westminster. An Approved Inspector will be at your disposal when you need him to be, charges would be slightly higher but the job would be done with limited errors if any.

Recommendation on the Services to Seek

From a research I conducted, it would be safe to have someone who knows the regulations set by the City Council of Westminster supervise your project while making amendments where possible all on time. This will be secure and safe as the council would be getting the right outcome of what is expected of the building construction. But yet for the plans to be authorized or approved, still the council’s consent must be obtained either through the inspector or on your own at the council’s offices. With all the above remarks my recommendation would be to seek a helping hand from the city’s inspector as he/she will be able to do every necessary task needed for building your project to completion without misguiding it to lower standards.

SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATION

The plans should be approved by the city council of Westminster. You can either do this on your own or consult an Approved City Inspector who would do it on your behalf. Under the Town and Country Planning Act of 1990, for the development to kick-start, there should be a written consent from the local planning authority. An analysis of Mr Petrov’s proposals against existing policies demonstrates that the proposals will receive approval because they are consistent with the government’s efforts to build competitive cities that provide local inhabitants with a wide range of choices on products and services. Mr Petrov’s proposals will also sail through because they are consistent with the policy on sustainable and competitive economic development.

Building controls are essential because they enhance the health and safety of the individuals living in and around the site of the proposed building. Although local authority building control and the approved inspector have their advantages and disadvantages, the local authority building control is the most appropriate body to work with in matters related to building control.

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

"Basement Extensions. “Westminster City Council -. http://www.westminster.gov.uk/services/environment/planning/permission/basements/ (accessed February 11, 2014).

"Building Regulations. “Westminster City Council -. http://www.westminster.gov.uk/services/environment/landandpremises/buildings/buildingregulations/ (accessed February 11, 2014).

"Communities and local government." National planning policy frame work. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/6077/2116950.pdf (accessed February 28, 2014).

"Magistrates' Courts Act 1980."Magistrates' Courts Act 1980. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1980/43/contents (accessed February 11, 2014).

"Planning Permission." Westminster City Council -. http://www.westminster.gov.uk/services/environment/planning/permission/ (accessed February 26, 2014).

"The Building (Approved Inspectors etc.) (Amendment) (Wales) Regulations 2014." The Building (Approved Inspectors etc.) (Amendment) (Wales) Regulations 2014. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/wsi/2014/58/regulation/3/made (accessed February 11, 2014).

"The Building (Approved Inspectors etc.) Regulations 2010." The Building (Approved Inspectors etc.) Regulations 2010. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2010/2215/contents/made (accessed February 11, 2014).

"The Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Amendment No. 2) (England) Regulations 2013."The Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Amendment No. 2) (England) Regulations 2013. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2013/2115/contents/made (accessed February 11, 2014).

"Town and Country Planning Act 1990." Town and Country Planning Act 1990. http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1990/8/contents (accessed February 27, 2014).

"Unitary Development Plan (UDP)." Westminster City Council -. http://www.westminster.gov.uk/services/environment/planning/unitarydevelopmentplan/ (accessed February 11, 2014).

City of Westminster. "Application forms and fees." 2013. City of Westminster. 28 February 2014 <http://www.westminster.gov.uk/services/environment/landandpremises/buildings/forms/>.

Department for Communities and Local Government. National planning policy framework. London: Department for Communities and Local Government, 2012.

Planning Portal. "The approval process." 2013. Planning Portal. 28 February 2014 <http://www.planningportal.gov.uk/buildingregulations/howtogetapproval/howtogetapproval/>.

 

 

 



[1]Section 55 of Town and Country Planning Act 1990

[2]Section 55 (1) (A) of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990

[3]Town and Country Planning Act 1990

[4]Planning Portal. "The approval process." 2013. Planning Portal. 28 February 2014 <http://www.planningportal.gov.uk/buildingregulations/howtogetapproval/howtogetapproval/>.

[5]City of Westminster. "Application forms and fees." 2013. City of Westminster. 28 February 2014 <http://www.westminster.gov.uk/services/environment/landandpremises/buildings/forms/>.

[6]Department for Communities and Local Government. National planning policy framework. London: Department for Communities and Local Government, 2012.

[7]An act that protects the environment from being damaged.

[8]Section 127 of the Magistrates Court Act of 1980

[9]Legal forest that one can acquire timber from.

 

 

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