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英国圣安格鲁斯大学管理学硕士论文代写范例Consumer Attitudes towards Food Waste in Singapore

英国圣安格鲁斯大学管理学硕士论文代写范例Consumer Attitudes towards Food Waste in Singapore
  • 国家 : 英国
  • 级别 : 硕士
  • 专业 :
英国硕士论文first class范例1

详细描述

Title of the Project:
Consumer Attitudes towards Food Waste in Singapore
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Acknowledgements
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Abstract
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Table of Contents
Acknowledgements ..................................................................................................................................... 2
Abstract ........................................................................................................................................................ 3
Chapter one: Introduction ........................................................................................................................ 5
1.1. Background and problem statement ............................................................................................. 5
1.2. Purpose and objective ..................................................................................................................... 7
1.3. Research questions .......................................................................................................................... 7
Chapter two: Literature Review .................................................................................................................... 8
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Chapter one: Introduction
1.1. Background and problem statement
Food is an essential component in the life of human beings and thus a necessity for survival. Often food crises in developing world has seen millions of people starve to death despite tremendous wastages witnessed in developed countries. It is often accentuated that, this wastages are attributed to our attitudes and habits as consumers, especially with regards to eating habits and the way we dispose food waste (Morgan 2009).Such attitude and habits have been regarded to not only impact on the consumers way of life but also the economy and environment (Morgan 2009, von Braun 2007).
For the last five decades increased economic growth in Singapore has seen tremendous increase in amount of disposable income coupled by declining food prices, thus leading to reduction in the proportion of income spend. Imperatively, with increased availability of food worldwide and variety choices offered, there has been increased lack of interest towards wasteful behavior and attitudes. This is more pronounced developed countries. In this countries the increase in plenty of food choices offered necessitated increased purchase of such foods (Stuart 2009). Such increased purchases have contributed to increased food wastages and over consumption. However the year 2008 saw a change in world perception towards food consumption. This was as a result of the food crises that saw the prices of food rise significantly in Singapore as well as globally.
Thus the dwindling food resource and scarcity, has necessitated a rethink and drawn much attention on the problem that is food scarcity and wastages. Further, with increased concern for reduction of greenhouse gas emission contributing to global warming focus has been drawn towards waste reduction if not proper waste disposal. Consumers need to realize that there consumption attitudes and behavior have a lost lasting effect on the world at large. Thus sustainable measures as regards food purchase, consumption are needed (Morgan 2009).
According to jones (2006) food wastage in any economy occurs in every stage of the food chain. This includes harvesting, food processing, storage, distribution, retail as well as household level. In developing countries, more than 40% of foods are lost during the post-harvesting/processing process. In industrialised and developed countries (Singapore), more than 40% of foods are lost
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at the household level (Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. 2011).This includes the retail, food service stage and the consumption level. In Singapore the household or consumer level has been taunted as the biggest contributor to food wastages (Griffin 2009) amounting to over 80% of all wastages. This can perhaps be attributed to the economic status of most households. Indeed food waste levels in Singapore have significantly increased in the recent years. In comparison with other Asia countries, the food waste generation in Singapore per day is second. For instance in the year 2013, in Singapore, the amount of food wastage discarded by consumers was 703,200 tonnes (The Straits Time, 2013).This high rates of wastage have destructive impact on the economy and environment. As regards environment, food wastes are highly biodegradable and thus significantly contribute to release of methane into the environment, a gas responsible for global warming .In Singapore the food waste produced in 2013 had to be incinerated instead of landfill due to land scarcity. This results in carbon dioxide production entrapping heat in the atmosphere producing harmful effects to the environment as potent greenhouse effect (Friends of The Earth. 2000). One tone of food waste is equivalent to over 4.5 tons of C02 emissions.
Further the economic effect of food wastage is considered to be high to the consumers and the government at large. For instance in the UK, consumers waste about 10 million pounds per year of food, while in US over 48 billion dollars’ worth of food is wasted annually. In Singapore the total cost for food wasted in the year 2008 stood at 750 million dollars. This is by far less compared to US and UK but high compared to other Asian countries. This is further augmented by the fact that the food waste is not properly recycled for sustainable development. The social impact of food wastage is defined by a situation in which wastage in one country or region indirectly affect food availability and scarcity in another region. Every year billions of people suffer undernourishment in the world and thus the need to adopt measures to curb such problem in Singapore and world at large (Stuart 2009).
Though the studies on food waste are common there is limited studies on the same in Singapore. Thus there is limited literature on the subject. Indeed most studies focusing on consumer’s attitudes and behavior have been done in UK, Australia and US. However most have investigated on socio-demographic factors and their effects on food wastage (e.g. Skourides et al. 2008) and not the psychographic factors defined by people attitudes towards food wastage
 

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